Reconciliation Primer

Reconciliation: Background

Section 310 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 sets out a special procedure that allows Congress to direct one or more authorizing committees to produce legislation that changes direct spending, revenue, or the debt limit to bring these levels into compliance with budget resolution policies. Reconciliation directives must be included in a concurrent resolution on the budget adopted by both Houses to be valid.

In general, reconciliation directives include:

·      the amount of budgetary change to be achieved;

·      the time period over which such budgetary change should be measured; and

·      a deadline by which the authorizing committees must report legislation.

Read the full primer here.